Determinants of Littering: An Experimental Analysis

Fatima Salim Khawaja, Anwar Shah

Abstract


Littering, the improper disposal of small quantities of waste,
is one of the main causes of environmental degradation. To protect the
environment from this degradation, we need to factor out the
determinants of littering behaviour. In this study, we conduct a
controlled laboratory experiment to examine whether people would avoid
littering if the social cost of this behaviour was internalised. Based
on the microeconomic theory relating to externality, we test whether
penalising littering decreases its level compared to when it is not..
The results indicate that when the cost of production of littering is
internalised, the level of littering drops. JEL Classification: C92, D62
Keywords: Litter, Externality, Private Cost, Internalisation,
Experiment, Baseline Treatment, Cost Treatment

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30541/v52i2pp.157-168

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